Osteochondrosis

After sporting events back hurts - what causes this condition and how does it manifest itself

After exercising in the gym, everyone feels differently. Some have a state of terrible fatigue, it is impossible to raise their hands and move their legs. Others fly home on the wings of joy, without feeling discomfort - rather, stand on the scales and see what came of this sporting venture. There is one symptom similar to most - back pain after the gym. The nature and location of the discomfort can be completely different.

This symptom may indicate abnormalities in the musculo-ligamentous apparatus, the central or peripheral nervous systems, or the vertebral column. Most of these diseases may not bother the athlete for a long time and appear sporadically, but their treatment should be under the supervision of a specialist.

Causes of pain

All unpleasant sensations arise for two reasons: there are irregularities in the body, which are aggravated during training in the gym or the training program is incorrectly chosen. Excessive stress on the musculoskeletal system is a direct path to health problems.

Among the possible causes are:

  • strong muscular overstrain - in medicine is called myositis (as a result - pain can be of different intensity (barely perceptible or very strong) and localized in the back, movements are constrained, but fairly free),
  • physiological disorders - for example, spinal curvature (unpleasant sensations appear immediately after exercise in the gym, back pain hurts, this condition rarely resolves on its own, it is necessary to take painkillers),
  • pinching of the nerve root - it is accompanied by limited mobility, a sharp deterioration in health,
  • the presence of a foreign body between the vertebrae - in the language of medicine, the diagnosis sounds like “intervertebral hernia” (the first symptom is pain in the loins after the gym, the athlete, having assumed one position, cannot change it for another quickly due to a sharp pain syndrome).

The last reason for discomfort during training in the gym can cause a long break in his visit. It is obligatory to consult a specialist and undergo a full course of treatment and rehabilitation.

How to prevent dangerous consequences

Beginners in the gym should not overdo it and immediately try on a program of an experienced athlete. Such experiments can only aggravate an existing disease.

It is important to follow the rules:

  • accurate handling of power units and free weights,
  • consultation of a qualified trainer (at least in the first six months of the gym visit),
  • comfortable clothing and shoes to help avoid injuries,
  • proper nutrition, enriched with calcium (it will help strengthen the bones) and protein (helps build mass and strengthen the muscular system).

If your back suddenly hurts after a planned visit to the gym, do not panic. You need to listen to your body and, possibly, reduce the physical load that it cannot cope with at this stage.

If you experience a sharp back pain, you must stop exercising and consult a doctor. It is dangerous to self-medicate, since some ailment in the back can be cured with warming ointments and compresses, and for another type of back injury these measures will be extremely dangerous.

What caused the pain

First you need to figure out where the problem "grow legs." With sports loads, the internal systems of the body work in an enhanced mode. The musculoskeletal system is no exception.

Active movements suggest increased pressure on the vertebral segments. The spine consists of a set of vertebrae, between which there are shock-absorbing "layers" - intervertebral discs.

Those, in turn, are cartilage fibrous tissue (fibrous ring) and gelatinous substance (core) located in the center of the disk. In the vertebrae there are holes that make up the spinal canal through which the spinal cord passes. It contains bundles of nerve endings.

With intensive single load compression on the intervertebral discs is enhanced many dozen times. Nature made sure that the spine could withstand this pressure and stay healthy.

Therefore, a person suffers serious injuries after severe injuries, long hard physical work, improper distribution of effort on the main muscle groups.

This happens in cases where the load exceeds the capacity of the spine, and a destructive process begins in its structures. In this case, the vertebrae can move relative to each other or even break (compression fracture).

For example, back pain when jumping over the back bar can be caused just by these pathological changes.

How is pain manifested

One can hear from people who have decided to make radical changes to their usual schedule of life: “The first time after playing sports, my back hurt a lot. But soon the pain passed, the state of health is now beautiful. ”

What does this mean? Lactic acid is formed in muscle fibers as a result of anaerobic glycolysis. It causes pain. With subsequent workouts, the painful symptoms disappear.

In other cases, with a weakened muscular corset, intense and short-term loads, such as high jumps, running with acceleration on an asphalt surface, overcoming obstacles, can lead to the formation of vertebral protrusions and hernias.

Muscles do not create an additional strong "frame" that holds the vertebrae in a normal position. The depreciation function is performed in insufficient volume.

Intervertebral discs become thinner, their edges protrude beyond the vertebrae (protrusion). A fibrous ring may break at any time. It threatens to form a hernia.

In severe injuries, accidents, when the vertebrae have a disproportionately large load, a compression fracture of the vertebral segments is also possible. Cracks form in the vertebra, it “shrinks” at the site of these fractures, taking a wedge-shaped shape.

Compression of nerve structures leads to acute and sharp pain. The condition may threaten with paralysis of that part of the body that is located below the fracture area.

What are the symptoms to determine that a person’s condition requires emergency medical care?

  • Pain syndrome does not subside even at rest, but continues to grow.
  • Painful sensations are burning, pulsating, sharp.
  • The pain spreads to other parts of the body.
  • Observed swelling at the site of injury.
  • Observed violations flexion-extensor reflexes in the joints of the limbs.
  • Soft tissues of the arms and legs can lose sensitivity, there are "goosebumps".

Strangely enough, pain has one significant plus: even if it is small, but the day does not disappear, then another and already a week, while gradually increasing, the body thus “informs” about the developing pathology, and the person exhausted by painful sensations turns to doctors.

But it happens differently when only the bone structures, devoid of nerve endings, are damaged. The disease develops unnoticed and then it is not known what complications it will turn into in the future.

A selection of my useful materials on the health of the spine and joints, which I recommend you to look at:

Also look at a lot of useful additional materials in my communities and accounts on social networks:

Denial of responsibility

The information in the articles is intended solely for general information and should not be used for self-diagnosis of health problems or for medical purposes. This article is not a substitute for medical advice from a doctor (neurologist, therapist). Please consult your doctor first to know exactly the cause of your health problem.

Why back hurts after jumping on the trampoline

In the past 5 years, people who live in cities have become very popular with this kind of physical activity, like jumping on a trampoline. It is a fun and safe sport, but many people often have a backache after a trampoline. Fortunately, this problem is easy to cure or even prevent.

Ways to eliminate pain

If the pain after jumping on a trampoline is insignificant and occurs below the shoulder blades, then they can be removed, slightly loosening the load. Additionally, a warm bath, light sports massage and the use of special gels for muscle and joint pains help to relax your back.

If the pain arose right while jumping on the trampoline, then you need to stop for a while, catch your breath, you can contact the trainer.

With the regular occurrence of light pain, you can try to strengthen the skeleton of the spine with other loads, such as swimming, and also pay attention to the warm-up before training.

Reducing the intensity and duration of the workout helps pain to some people. Jumping on a trampoline can be fun and easy, but the load on the body is high, so after exercise there can be severe pain in the muscles, not only the back, but also the legs, arms and neck.

Pain caused by scoliosis is more difficult. You can try to correct the curvature of the spine with the help of special corsets or by consulting an orthopedist.

When you need a doctor

Go to the doctor after a session of jumping on a trampoline should be with the following symptoms:

  • severe and sharp pain of stitching or pulling character,
  • regular pain that increases after exercise or at night,
  • numbness of the limbs
  • the occurrence of pain after a failed landing on your back or stomach,
  • loss of consciousness during exercise on the trampoline.

All this is a warning signal of injury, a possible sign of a spinal compression fracture.

In most cases, muscle pain and light bruises after a trampoline do not need special treatment - just enough to reduce the load and the right technique. However, if it comes to a fracture, then you have to resort to treatment in the doctor's office.

It is not too difficult to cure a compression fracture of the spine, but it takes a lot of time. First of all, it is required to limit activity, i.e., to completely abandon sports and trampoline jumps. Reduced mobility is achieved by fixing the spine with a special corset.

The most common treatment used for the method of vertebroplasty is the introduction into the spine of a thin metal rod through a small puncture. This procedure is effective in 90% of cases and is used in all European clinics.

The second method, kyphoplasty, allows you to restore the height of the vertebra through 2 small incisions by introducing a special balloon.

With the displacement of the bones, surgical intervention is sometimes required.

How to jump

Even if you used to play sports professionally, you should not immediately try to do somersaults or other difficult stunts. First you need to develop the necessary muscle groups and, under the guidance, learn how to perform standard jumps on bent legs. All preparatory movements need to work out almost to perfection.

The technique of jumping should be:

  1. Stand exactly in the center of the net, spread your legs shoulder-width apart, bend your knees slightly.
  2. Make some light jumps.
  3. Vision try to focus on the edges of the trampoline, but sometimes look down to make sure that you are in the center.
  4. Keep your back straight, head straight.
  5. Any items, from basic to the most complex, follow with full concentration.
  6. After performing all the tricks try to land in the center of the trampoline.

Coaches always pay special attention to the technique of falls, since health and your life will depend on how you can fall. In the trampoline halls around the trampolines themselves there are holes filled with foam rubber, but you cannot just jump there. The coach will teach you how to jump, fall on your back, and only then will it be possible to start training.

Another important skill is the ability to group. When a person jumps up, he moves forward by inertia, so he must learn the technique of stopping on the spot and grouping to prevent injuries. It is especially important to learn the technique of jumping on the back, having rehearsed all movements before and after the jump.

Even experienced athletes advise you to perform many difficult stunts in semi-grouping - with slightly selected, but not fully compressed limbs.

Many parents bring a child to the trampoline center, but you need to understand that jumping on a trampoline is not only entertainment, but also a sport. Be sure to ensure that the child is responsive to the classes and fulfills all the recommendations of the coach, then he will be completely healthy and the trampolines will not harm him.

Standard training should not last longer than 45-60 minutes, beginners should jump for just half an hour. By this time, 10 minutes of warm-ups are added, for example, a rope, and 10 minutes of a hitch, light exercises. Some in the first lesson jump for 3-4 hours, which can lead not only to muscle pain, but also to injury.

What should I do if my child has a backache and what causes pain?

Back pain is usually more characteristic of adults. But in no case should they ignore their appearance in children. If a child complains of back pain - for parents it is a signal for action. What can cause pain and what to do with it, we will tell in this article.

A child's back always hurts for some reason. There is no causeless pain in this part of the body. All reasons can be divided into several groups. The back can hurt because of injury, and this is a fairly common situation. Pain can be a symptom of disorders in the state of the spine - scoliosis, kyphosis, lordosis.

The next group of causes concerns the complications of viral diseases. Often the flu, acute respiratory viral infections, some other infectious diseases cause rheumatism. Back pain can be associated with diseases that are not related to the musculoskeletal system, for example, some kidney diseases that cause low back pain.

Ignore the baby's complaints about back pain is impossible. The listed groups of causes can pose a serious danger to the life and health of the child. The sooner the cause of the pain syndrome is detected, the more likely the child can be effectively helped.

Let's look at some of the most common causes of pain. This information is provided as a reference, it cannot be used for self-diagnosis, only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis.

Wrong back load distribution

This is quite a common cause, which gradually leads to the fact that the child complains of aching back pain. Unevenly distributed load on the back muscles of children who are uncomfortable knapsack, too much clog his textbooks, as well as children who learn lessons and are engaged in improperly organized workplace - with insufficient lighting, low or excessively high chair or table.

Incorrectly distributed vertical load with incorrect posture, a long stay in a sitting position. Therefore, children who prefer computer games to all entertainment in the world, much more often than others complain of back pain.

Children who sleep on a soft mattress with a large pillow also suffer with pain. In a dream, the baby’s body “falls”; the physiological curves of the spinal column assume an incorrect position.

Constant tension of the back muscles leads to impaired blood circulation in them, which is manifested by pain. The child may complain of pain usually in the afternoon, pain can be observed in the area of ​​the shoulder blades, in the lumbar region.

To fix the situation is quite simple. The action plan is as follows:

  • show the child to a children's orthopedist to find out whether scoliosis and other changes in the spine caused the load distribution disorder,
  • buy your child the easiest reclinator - the "eight" so that he can maintain his posture,
  • organize the workplace correctly - think about the lighting, the height of the furniture,
  • change the backpack or bag to a child with an orthopedic backpack or a backpack with rigid orthopedic tabs and make sure that the backpack is not too heavy,
  • change the mattress on the child’s bed to hard orthopedic, replace the large pillow with a small and dense one, or teach the child to sleep without a pillow,
  • limit the time spent by the child at the computer, prohibit reading while lying down.

Children often fall, jump, run, and therefore complaints of back pain can occur after jumping on a trampoline, after falling from a bicycle or from a swing, even after exercising, if the exercises were associated with jumping or sharp turns of the body.

Suspected trauma in a child can be the nature of the pain. If in the first case it is aching and muffled, then when a spinal cord is injured it is sharp, strong, often accompanied by “backache”. In the case of injury to a single vertebra, a small edema can be seen on the spinal column, the touch of which will be painful enough for a son or daughter. In some cases, vertebral fractures are asymptomatic, and the pain increases gradually.

Spinal injuries can be accompanied by headache, nausea, loss of consciousness, and impaired motor coordination. To wait in this case is impossible. If a child complains of back pain after physical activity, jumping, visiting rides, falling, you should act immediately. The action plan is:

  • put the child on his back, fix it as much as possible, immobilize,
  • call the ambulance and wait for the doctors
  • in case of severe pain, an analgesic can be given to the child, but not in tablets, since the swallowing reflex may be impaired, it is better to make an intramuscular angle in the upper part of the thigh in front.

To determine the nature and extent of the injury, if any, it is necessary to contact a traumatologist, surgeon or vertebrologist. The ambulance will carefully take the child to the hospital where the appropriate specialists will find the cause of the pain and start the appropriate treatment.

Not necessarily that the child will be exactly a fracture. Bruises and sprains are not excluded, but the first reaction measures of the parents should be exactly as described above in order not to harm the baby in case of a fracture.

Inflammatory diseases

Quite often, muscle pain in the back area manifests itself as an effect after suffering a sore throat or flu. Rheumatic pains usually occur after an acute period of illness, when body temperature returns to normal. Rheumatism itself can be accompanied by a new round of fever.

Pain is acute and painful. To distinguish them from injury is quite simple - before the onset of pain, there was no physical exertion, falls and jumps. Often the area of ​​the shoulder blades, the cervical region.

Myositis often develops - inflammation of the muscles as a result of a previous illness or hypothermia, for example, after being in a draft or a long swim in a cold pond.

The procedure should be as follows:

  • the child must be at rest,
  • provide him with dry heat
  • call the pediatrician
  • start applying local remedies - ointments and gels that the doctor will prescribe,
  • after the acute period is left behind, you can do physical therapy, massage and gymnastics.

Pathology of the musculoskeletal system

A child complains of back pain if scoliosis develops in full swing. Curvature of the spine at the initial stage may not manifest in any way, however, a moment necessarily comes when strained muscles can no longer hold curved vertebrae painlessly, trying to compensate for the distribution of the load.

Most often, children of early school age, as well as adolescents from 10 to 16 years old, experience such pains. Painful attacks recur with enviable periodicity. It has a different intensity, then increases, then decreases. Especially bad back after a long walk, after exercise or having to sit for a long time (in class, for example).

Other symptoms include fatigue, headaches, visual displacement of the shoulder blades relative to each other in height, different height of the shoulders, hunchedness and lowered shoulders.

If there was no flu, sore throats, the child did not fall and did not hit the back, then the probability of developing scoliosis should be considered in the required order.

The action plan for parents looks like this:

  • visit with the child the orthopedic surgeon or traumatologist. If there is a doctor-vertebrologist in the hospital, you can visit him,
  • make x-rays of the back, stop (to exclude also flat feet as the cause of back pain),
  • start treatment according to the regimen prescribed by the doctor - wear a corset or posture corrector, visit an exercise therapy room, a physiotherapy room, massage the child,
  • To sleep, you should choose a hard surface - hard “shields”, which can be bought in any orthopedic salon,
  • monitor the correct organization of the workplace, choose the right backpack with wide shoulder straps and orthopedic back,
  • limit the time watching TV and playing games at the computer
  • Give the child to the swimming section - it is this sport that will help strengthen your back and quickly achieve a stable therapeutic effect.

Other reasons

Among other reasons that may well cause discomfort in the back of a child, The following can be noted:

  • kidney disease (pain in the lumbar region of the back, among the additional symptoms - urination disorders, pain during urination, discoloration and amount of urine),
  • tuberculosis (any part of the back can hurt, additionally there is a general deterioration of well-being, prolonged fever that cannot be reduced by medications, some respiratory problems)
  • blood diseases (leukemia or sickle-shaped anemia may well cause quite noticeable muscle pain in the back, pallor of the skin, dizziness, bouts of unconsciousness, headaches, appetite disturbances, delayed development),
  • tumors, cysts (the presence of any neoplasm may be accompanied by pain in the back, additional symptoms may not be).

If the orthopedist and traumatologist do not find any signs of trauma, abnormal posture, spinal column, or muscular system of the back, please contact your pediatrician to get directions for blood and urine tests. Visit a nephrologist, a pediatric oncologist and a hematologist if you have any abnormalities in laboratory tests.

Remember that the reason for back pain is always there.

Dr. Komarovsky will tell you about the healthy back of the child in the next video.

Top 10 causes of your lower back pain

Low back pain may haunt daily, and may appear suddenly and go away forever. Why does your lower back hurt you?

Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine

This is a pathology in which dystrophic changes of the vertebrae and intervertebral discs occur. As a result, the spinal structures are shifted relative to the natural axis, which leads to the infringement of the nerves. The backache is a classic symptom of degenerative changes in the spine. The reason for this may be a lack of calcium and osteoporosis, injuries, heavy physical work, improper position during sedentary work, etc.

Pain for this reason often occurs in women of middle and old age. With metabolic disorders, osteochondrosis can develop at a young age.

Stilettos

This is worth mentioning separately. Female beauty is expensive, especially goes to the legs and back.

Not physiological and too high lifting of the foot leads to excessive bending in the lumbar spine, and this causes an increased load on the discs and intervertebral ligaments. The lumbar muscles are tense. All of these factors together lead to pain.

It is quite harmless at the beginning of the hairpin career, while the girl is young and the body can quickly recover its losses. But with the constant wearing of high-heeled shoes, women over the age of thirty may have degenerative changes in the lumbar spine.

Lower back pain due to injury

You may not be an athlete, but you will injure the lumbar spine. With weakened muscles of the back and insufficient strength of the ligaments, you can injure the spine simply by unsuccessful sharp movement, for example, by jumping. Often, lumbar injuries for these reasons occur in transportation when a person is sitting in an empty bus in the back row. With a strong roll, vertebrae and discs can not only shift, but also be damaged.

In men, back pain is a frequent problem after hard physical work. A sharp muscle tension and a jerk with heaviness in the hands is a classic cause of the infringement and the subsequent visit to the doctor. Such pain is sharp, often makes it impossible to move normally, or even lie down. A person tries to find a position that will ease the pain, but this is not always possible. Treatment in this case consists of removing edema and anesthesia with NSAIDs (ketonal, meloxicam, nise, xefocam, etc.). After the muscles can relax, the pain gradually disappears.

Pregnancy

Low back pain in the first trimester of pregnancy may be normal, but may also be a symptom of a threatened miscarriage. Be attentive to yourself, do not overstrain physically and be calm. Be sure to consult a gynecologist.

In the process of fetal growth, the angle of inclination of the pelvis changes and the bend in the lower back gradually decreases. Ligaments and muscles learn to cope with the new load. The fetus grows and the counterweight to the spine increases. All of these factors explain the causes of pain. One thing pleases - it will soon pass.

You sit wrong

If your work is connected with a long sitting position in one pose - the back pain is quite understandable. In this case, there are several causes of pain. Major - a violation of blood circulation in the lumbar region and uncomfortable position. If you don’t learn to sit at work properly and you’re not doing periodic exercises for your lower back in the workplace, it will all end in degenerative changes in the spine.

You train incorrectly

If you recently went to the gym and began to notice pain in the back - contact your trainer for help. When running on the track or exercises with a load should be especially careful to monitor posture. Training can harm, rather than benefit, if you do not pay attention to the technique of exercise. Just like posture, the right shoes for sports are important. Improper position of the foot increases the load on the spine.

Heavy load

Low back pain is often caused by carrying weights, for example, in young mothers who, after giving birth and for up to three years, carry their children in their arms.

And it happens that gravity becomes its own weight. In this case, not only the lower back suffers, but also the leg joints. Impaired metabolism and blood circulation are also added to the overweight, which are also companions of obese people. Therefore, one way out - lose weight.

Causes of back pain

In most cases, the back hurts due to musculoskeletal disorders (microdamages of the ligaments and joints of the spine after large loads on them, stretching or muscle spasm). More rarely, more pronounced changes in the spinal column, such as herniated intervertebral discs or vertebral dislocation (spondylolisthesis), cause the pain. Finally, in rare cases, back pain may be associated with serious diseases (tumors and inflammatory processes in the spine and spinal cord, diseases of the internal organs - kidney, heart, pancreas, pelvic organs, etc.).

Possible causes of back pain

• Muscle spasms
• Sprain (ligament injury)
• Muscle injury
• Pregnancy
• Scoliosis
• Bleeding to the pelvis
• Aortic incision
• Infections of the spine and pelvis
• Lumbar spinal stenosis
• Metastases to the spine (cancer that has spread to the spine from other organs)
• Viral infections, including flu

Proper muscle pain after exercise

Practically everyone has a loin after physical exertion, however, it is good or bad depending on the nature of the sensations. Proper pain occurs due to the accumulation of small amounts of lactic acid in the muscles. This situation is familiar to almost every athlete. It has the following manifestations:

  • Occurs the day after training.
  • Is blunt character.
  • It is felt in the area that is loaded.
  • Increased sensations are observed after running, walking or other physical activity.
  • It takes a few days.

The “right” feeling is fairly easy to self-diagnose and eliminate.

It is enough just to determine which exercises provoke their occurrence and revise your training complex. But if the pain arises constantly, even with a slight load, then you should think about your health and pay more attention to the spine.

Diseases in which the back hurts

• Osteochondrosis
• Abdominal aortic aneurysm
• Ankylosing spondylitis
• bone cancer
• Coccidinia
• Degenerative diseases of the vertebral discs
• Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis
• Endometriosis
• Fibromyalgia
• Fracture
• Kidney stones
• Arthrosis
• Paget's disease
• Pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer (herpes pain)
• Psoriatic arthritis
• Reactive arthritis
• sciatica
• Shingles (pain and characteristic skin rash)

What back pain is a sign of injury?

Often at the beginning of active sports activities for beginners can hurt your back. The appearance of the sensations of a pathological nature is quite a serious signal, with the manifestation of which it is worth stopping the exercises and consult a doctor.

Pathological manifestations are characterized by the following:

  • Manifest at the moment of activity or immediately after.
  • Wear a sharp character.
  • They can be given not only to the lower back, but also to other muscles of the back.
  • Do not pass even in the absence of activity.
  • They tend to increase with time.

If after physical exercise you have found similar manifestations in yourself, this means that you should visit a doctor.

What are dangerous back pain

As a rule, back pain is permanent, aggravated by movements and physical exertion, and is accompanied by limited mobility in the spine and a feeling of stiffness in the back. In most cases, a relapsing course is characteristic, in which episodes of exacerbations, usually provoked by intense physical exertion, prolonged exposure to uncomfortable posture or hypothermia, are replaced by more or less prolonged periods during which pain is absent or minimal.

In the overwhelming majority of cases, back pain does not pose a direct threat to human life and health and often resolves on its own (without treatment). However, sometimes back pain can be caused by serious diseases of the spine or internal organs.

Below are the features of back pain that can be associated with severe pathology. If you have any of these symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor and in no case do not self-medicate.

  • Back pain is constant and localized in one place.
  • Back pain does not decrease when lying down or occurs at night.
  • Back pain is accompanied by fever.
  • Back pain is accompanied by tension in the muscles of the limbs or is combined with prolonged stiffness in the morning.

What exercises can cause pain?

As a rule, many beginners tend to immediately achieve great success in sports and impose significant burdens on themselves. However, improper exercise, especially at the very beginning of classes, often leads to injuries of a different nature.

The most common reason why the lower back can hurt after a workout is the following exercises:

  • Deadlift.
  • Bench press.
  • Extending the legs on the simulator while sitting.
  • Bleeding press.
  • Squats with weight.
  • Jerk barbell.

Of course, there are many more exercises that can provoke pain, but it is these that provoke them most often.

This is due to the fact that they designed for those muscle groups that work well in everyday life. Often this leads to the overstressing of certain muscle groups and causes muscle imbalance. As a result, displacement of bones or joints may occur, provoking an uneven strain on the tendons and ligaments.

Therefore, in order to prevent back pain after a workout, you need to plan your training program extremely correctly. When training you need to pay attention not only to the main groups of muscles, but also to antagonists.

There are a lot of different reasons for which back pain can occur. All of them can be divided into three fairly large groups:

  • Pathological changes.
  • Diseases.
  • Wrong physical activity.
  • Other reasons.

Diagnosis of back pain

  • Examination of a neurologist to assess the state of the nervous system, muscles, spine.
  • General analysis of blood and urine to eliminate the inflammatory process in the kidneys.
  • Radiography of the spine to exclude osteomyelitis, fractures and other diseases. To clarify the changes identified during X-ray diffraction, the doctor may additionally prescribe a computer or magnetic resonance tomography of the spine (the first allows a detailed assessment of the state of the bone structures, the second - of the spinal cord and intervertebral disks).

Very often, these studies reveal dystrophic changes in the intervertebral discs and vertebral bodies and diagnose osteochondrosis. It should be noted that osteochondrosis itself is not a disease, but reflects age-related changes in the spine. Certain changes in the intervertebral discs (including hernias) are detected in almost all people of mature age, including those who have never had back pain. In other words, the identification of signs of osteochondrosis during radiography or disc herniation with magnetic resonance imaging still does not give grounds to believe that back pain is associated with them (such a decision can only be made by a doctor based on the results of a clinical examination).

Possible pathologies

If the loin is sick after exercise, the possible cause of pain may be pathological processdeveloping in the body.

This disease is a complex of disorders in articular cartilage. Often, athletes have lower back pain after a deadlift for this reason. It is characterized by sharp, shooting pains in the lumbar spine. Quite often, it is accompanied by problems with urinary tract. The neuropathologist diagnoses this disease with CT and X-rays.

To eliminate the symptoms and improve the general condition, magnetic and laser therapies are used, as well as manual exposure.

This ailment is a complication arising during the development of osteochondrosis. It is characterized by protrusion of the disk beyond the intervertebral gap. Complication causes the appearance of chronic aching pain, alternating shooting. A violation of the sensitivity and mobility of the spine is also diagnosed. To make such a diagnosis, you need to consult a neurologist and undergo an MRI. Drug treatment is used to eliminate the symptoms; however, a lifestyle change will only help to fundamentally solve the problem.

Intervertebral hernia

With a hernia, the core of the intervertebral disc is displaced and this process is accompanied by the rupture of the fibrous ring. This condition is irreversible. The hernia is characterized by pain in the leg in the lumbar region, while walking may be impaired. Pain may increase with exercise. The fact of the rupture of the annulus is established by a neuropathologist during an MRI scan.

During this period, a specialist may prescribe painkillers.

By this disease is meant the displacement of the vertebrae, leading to the deformation or narrowing of the spinal canal. The pains are observed in the lumbar region, are aching in nature, during training intensify. A neurologist prescribes a CT scan or MRI for diagnosis, so radiography is possible. The treatment is aimed at eliminating the symptoms and includes medications, as well as warming up procedures and exercise therapy.

Internal organ problems

Often this phenomenon is typical for those people who actively lose weight. With a sharp decrease in body fat, the placement of internal organs may change, especially the kidneys are susceptible to this phenomenon. Problems with internal organs are characterized by acute, sharp pain. Therefore, if you lose weight and you have a sore back after squats, you should consult a therapist. The doctor will schedule an ultrasound scan to determine the condition of the internal organs.

A high-calorie diet is used as a curative measure; in severe cases, surgery is necessary.

Back pain treatment

It is often not possible to fully recover from back pain, however, it is possible to minimize the frequency of exacerbations with the help of a correct lifestyle and drug therapy. The treatment of back pain depends on the cause of their appearance. Only a doctor can choose a course of treatment suitable for you.

The effect of therapeutic measures may not appear immediately, so you need to be patient and restrained. The main goal of treatment is not only to relieve acute pain, but also to prevent the exacerbation of the disease in the future.

Improper exercise or inadequate load

This reason also often provokes unpleasant sensations. In men, this phenomenon is observed much more often than in women. Often there is such a pain in the lower back after a deadlift, this is due to improper exercise. In addition, it can occur with such types of activity:

  • Throwing the nucleus.
  • Intensive, long workouts.
  • Bench press with squats.
  • Lower back pain when running.

The development of pain is due to stretching of the lower parts of the muscles or rupture of ligaments, tendons.

The pain occurs in the lumbar region rather sharply and is acute. Sometimes in such situations, sensations can move in the leg.

Improper exercise and load distribution leads to the development of osteochondrosis. It causes the occurrence of dystrophic changes. At the same time, it doesn’t matter how often they train. For the development of serious complications a single high load is enough. More often than not, young athletes with an unformed muscular corset suffer from improper exercise.

How to ease back pain

Bed rest may contribute to the transition of acute back pain to chronic. Given this, with moderate pains, there is no need for bed rest, and for intense pains, its duration should be limited to the maximum (1-3 days).

If your back hurts, it is necessary to limit physical activity at this point, in particular to avoid lifting weights and prolonged stay in one position, it is important to make proper movements without increasing the load on the spine.

To unload the spine and provide it with a state of rest, it is advisable to use a special belt or corset.

Back pain medication

Treatment depends on the cause of the back pain and is prescribed by the doctor after the examination.

For pain relief, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (for example, diclofenac) are used, which are available in the form of tablets, ampoules for injections, creams and gels, and painkillers [for example, paracetamol, metamizole sodium (“Analgin”) or combined preparations]. Drugs in both groups are prescribed in a short course (usually no more than 3-5 days). In addition, to eliminate pain, apply compresses with solutions of local anesthetics [for example, procaine (Novocain)] and medical blockade (which can only be performed by a doctor).

For pain associated with muscle tension, use drugs that eliminate muscle spasm (muscle relaxants central action - tolperisone, tizanidine for 1-2 weeks). Take these drugs can only be prescribed by a doctor.

Currently, for the treatment of back pain associated with dystrophic changes of the spine (osteochondrosis), it is proposed to use chondroprotectors - drugs that stimulate the production of the main components of cartilage tissue and thereby slow down its destruction. The effectiveness of chondroprotectors in diseases of the spine has not been proven, the same can be said of numerous widely advertised food additives (usually containing medicinal plants, biologics, vitamins, etc.) and homeopathic remedies. Despite the fact that all these means are freely available in pharmacies without a prescription, they should not be taken without first consulting with a doctor.

When should I see a doctor immediately?

In any case, the appearance of the so-called pathological back pain is a reason to see a specialist. The doctor will prescribe the necessary examinations and, based on their results, as well as data on the symptoms, will make a diagnosis. Based on the diagnosis, the specialist will select the optimal treatment.

As soon as possible it is necessary to consult a doctor in the following cases:

  • The pain gives to the leg or foot.
  • You have lost the opportunity to self-care.
  • Unpleasant sensations are accompanied by incontinence.
  • Pain combined with numbness of the buttocks, groin or thighs.
  • If the pains are periodic and last more than 3 days.
  • Earlier it was established that the development of cancer.
  • With a sharp weight loss for an unknown reason.
  • In case of back injury during squats or any other activity.

A timely visit to the doctor will allow you to keep healthy.

Watch a video on this topic.

Physiotherapy and exercise therapy for back pain

To reduce the severity of pain, you can apply dry heat (but not deep warming) and other physiotherapeutic procedures, but only after consulting a doctor.

After the end of the acute period, exercises in special complexes (strengthening the muscles of the back, abdominals) and massage are useful.

First aid measures

If pain arises precisely at the moment of physical activity, then you should immediately call an ambulance. To minimize negative consequences, it is necessary to immediately stop training and take the most comfortable position. It is necessary to lie until the intensity of sensations decreases.

If possible, a cold compress can be applied to the lower back.

It is worth noting that heat exposure in such a situation is strictly prohibited, as it only aggravates the situation.

Back pain after exercise can occur for various reasons. If the painful sensations are correct, they will pass in a few days without the use of medical measures. However, if the sensations are harsh and cause serious discomfort, you should immediately stop exercising and consult a doctor.

Manual therapy for back pain

Manual therapy can only be prescribed by a doctor after radiography and / or magnetic resonance imaging, which allow an objective assessment of the condition of the spine and its surrounding tissues. When properly performed, manual therapy (effects on the joints of the spine, ligaments and muscles) allows to correct many local disorders (for example, muscle tension, subluxations in the joints), which sometimes allows you to quickly and effectively eliminate back pain.

Manual therapy has contraindications and limitations:

  • With hernias or destruction of intervertebral discs (displacement of fragments can lead to compression of the spinal cord, spinal roots and blood vessels).
  • After myocardial infarction, stroke, with cancer, spinal tuberculosis, endocrine dysfunction, with severe osteoporosis.
  • In severe exacerbation, accompanied by a sharp restriction of the mobility of the spine due to pain and tension of the back muscles (possibly increased symptoms).
  • With vascular diseases and disorders of the blood coagulation system.

If performed incorrectly, manual therapy can lead to serious complications, therefore, it should be carried out only by a qualified specialist (doctor of the appropriate specialization). It is absolutely unacceptable to conduct manual therapy by paramedical workers and persons without medical education!

Acupuncture

Acupuncture (acupuncture) often has a positive effect on moderate back pain, especially due to muscle tension and combined with psycho-emotional disorders. Although, according to the ideas of Chinese traditional medicine, acupuncture can be used for any diseases, it is generally accepted that acupuncture is contraindicated in the following cases.

In diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
In the presence of benign and malignant tumors (including in the past).
For diseases requiring urgent surgical intervention.
When violations of the kidneys and liver.
If there is a tendency to bleeding or taking drugs that violate blood clotting.
In acute infectious diseases.
When pregnancy.

Back pain prevention

  • Use a comfortable bed with an elastic and hard mattress.
  • Try to maintain the correct posture when walking.
  • Observe the correct posture at the desk, while working with a computer.Pay attention to the forearm when working not on weight, and completely lay on the table. For prolonged use, use a chair with a back, headrest and armrests for rest and relaxation.
  • Avoid long stay in the same position (at the computer, driving the car). Try as much as possible every half hour to stretch, stretch, move.
  • If you are in a standing position for a long time, find a foothold for your back, arm or head (for example, lean your back on a vertical surface in a subway train).
  • If you wear high-heeled shoes, remember that you can walk there without a break for no more than 2 hours in a row.
  • Avoid sharp turns and torso of the body, always look for support to carry out such actions.
  • If necessary, lift something from the floor should squat, but do not bend down.
  • Do not lift or carry weights, carrying them in front of you, avoid jerks and try to keep your back straight.
  • Strengthen your back muscles with the help of physical therapy, swimming, training in the gym.
  • Maintain normal body weight

Symptoms that are similar to back pain: back pain, back pain, aching back.

Lower back pain and chondrosis

Osteochondrosis is often confused with sciatica. These are two different diseases. Radiculitis is caused by inflammation of the nerve roots leaving the spinal cord. The lumbar region is relatively rarely affected. But there are cases when the slightest movement also causes sharp pain, causing a lot of suffering to the patient.

Why do lower back pains occur? The lumbar spine is most susceptible to physical and static stress. Under the influence of constant or excessive one-time overload, vertebrae and intervertebral discs are affected. The process of destruction begins with the discs - shock absorbers, springy elastic gaskets between two vertebrae. They are able to withstand enormous compressive strength, with a pressure of 100 kg are compressed by only 1.4 mm. But the possibilities of the discs are not unlimited.

Gradually in the gelatinous core decreases the amount of fluid. The disc first dries out, flattens. The distance between adjacent vertebrae decreases. When overloaded, they can shift relative to each other, hurting the nerve roots. So there are lower back pains.

If the process of destruction of the disks in time does not stop, the next stage of the disease begins. The fibrous ring of the disc may break. The gelatinous nucleus fluid seeps between the vertebrae, that is, a hernia is formed. Hernial protrusions put pressure on the nerve roots, lead to severe lower back pain, affect the ability of a person to work. Destruction of the disk contributes to the appearance of such diseases:

  • protrusion,
  • intervertebral hernia,
  • spondylosis deformans.

Without going into details, we can say that all pain in these diseases are also caused by irritation, squeezing the roots of the spinal nerves. At the same time there are changes in the tissues surrounding the spine, increasing painful symptoms. There are swelling, venous congestion, adhesions. Herniated loins cause not only acute pains, they can lead to serious consequences - paralysis and paresis of the legs.

Sport and pain

In men, the causes of pain are somewhat different than in women. They occur in athletes weightlifters in the following cases:

  • when lifting the bar during the competition,
  • in the process of throwing the nucleus, the disk, when the normal amplitude of movements in the lower back is sharply exceeded,
  • with injuries while playing football, basketball, skiing, etc.,
  • with intense long workouts.

Pain in the lumbar spine in athletes develops as a result of stretching the lower back muscles, rupture of ligaments and tendons. The pain appears suddenly after physical exertion, sometimes it can give up in the leg.

Another cause of pain is the same osteochondrosis. Intensive training, constant overload lead to early dystrophic changes of the spine with complications of spondylosis (facet syndrome). Damage occurs as a single high load, and with a systematic voltage lower back.

Often, young athletes with unformed back muscles are susceptible to the disease. After squats with a barbell on their shoulders, the guys complain of severe back pain. At the age of 20, intervertebral discs begin to dry out. By the age of 30, the spine requires stretching. Young people do not pay special attention to the first signs of the disease. The consequences of training will be felt with time.

Internal diseases and pain

Exercise can aggravate a number of diseases of internal organs and cause lower back pain. Some examples of kidney disease are:

  • nephroptosis (kidney prolapse),
  • pyelonephritis, nephritis,
  • urolithiasis and so on.

Chronic pain in diseases of the kidneys, as a rule, aching, pulling, dull. When nephroptosis increases after hard work, playing sports. The reason is that the already weak ligaments and muscles that give the kidneys a physiological position are tense. When urolithiasis after lifting weights can move the stones. There is acute pain in the lower back - renal colic.

Profession Costs

There are a number of professions that negatively affect the state of the lumbar spine. That the loin often hurts, complain:

  • ballet dancers, professional dancers,
  • movers, bricklayers,
  • miners, military,
  • agricultural workers, etc.

Combines all professions one - long-term tension, contraction of the muscles of the back and waist. As a result, a persistent power failure with all the ensuing consequences develops.

Consider why, when performing the same load, some people have lower back pain, while others do not. It's all about systematic, sensible muscle training. A change in lifestyle towards active movement will have a positive effect on the condition of the waist, reduce the risk of pain.

Watch the video: FilFest 09: Health and Fitness (September 2019).